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民主改革开启西藏民主政治新纪元

发布日期: 2018-03-26    作者:袁静乐   来源:AG真人_平台首页 0

xizangminzhugaigeyilaide60nian,shixizangfashengfantianfudibianhuade60nian,shixizangrenminzouxiangfanrongfuqiangde60nian,gengshizhidejiniande60nian。minzhugaigehoudexizang,baiwannongnufanshendangjiazuozhu,kaiqilexizanglishishangzuiweidadepianzhang。shijianzhengming,minzhugaigezhihouzaixizangquelideminzuquyuzizhizhidushizhenzhengshixianrenmindangjiazuozhudezhidu,shiwanquanfuhexizanglishixianshiqingkuangdezhidu,shiqieshishixiangeminzupingdengdezhidu,bingweishijieqitaguojiajiejuehaogezideminzuwentitigongleyitiaochuangxinzhilu。

AG真人minzhugaigeshixizangminzuquyuzizhizhidujianlidejichu

AG真人xizangminzhugaigecong1959nian3yuekaishi,qianhouchixuleliangnian。zaizheiliangnianshijianli,xizangfashenglejudadebianhua,weiminzuquyuzizhizhiduzaixizangdejianlidiandinglejichu。

zaiminzhugaigezhiqian,xizanghaichuyuzhengjiaoheyidefengjiannongnuzhitongzhizhixia。genju1951nianzhongyangrenminzhengfuhexizangdifangzhengfuqiandingde《shiqitiaoxieyi》,xizangxianyouzhiduweichibubian,dalaidediweiyebaochibubian,baozhangzongjiaoxinyangziyou,biaoxianchuzhongguogongchandangduixizanglishixianshidechongfenzunzhong。anzhao《shiqitiaoxieyi》,xizangzizhiquchoubeiweiyuanhuiyu1956nianchengli,jiakuaileminzuquyuzizhizhidujianlidejiaobu,qizhongdalailamahebanshanfenbierenzhurenweiyuanhediyifuzhurenweiyuan。danshi,zhongyangdekuanrongherennaimeiyouzudangxizangfandongshiliyu1959nianfadongwuzhuangpanluan,zhongyangxunsupingpan,dalaipantao,xizangdifangzhengfuyibeijiesan,xizangrenminzaixizangzizhiquchoubeiweiyuanhuilingdaoxiaxunsujinxingleminzhugaige。

minzhugaigefeichulefengjiannongnuzhidu,saoqingleminzuquyuzizhizhidujianlidezhangai。feichufengjiannongnuzhihou,yifangmian,shengchanziliaosuoyouzhifashengjudabiange;lingyifangmian,zangzurenminhuoderenshenziyou。zheilianggefangmianchengjiushixizangshehuichuangzaocaifudeyuanquanchongfenyongliu。xizangjingjizaiminzhugaigeqianyijingtingzhilejin300nian,zaifengjiannongnuzhixia,shengchanziliaoyanzhongfenbubujun,renkoushuliangchaoguozongrenshu95%denongnujibenshangbuzhanyoushengchanziliao,errenkoushuliangbudaozongrenshu5%desandalingzhuzhanyoujuedabufenshengchanziliao,bingqiezhangwozhe95%renkouderenshenquanli,daozhirenmendeshengchanjijixingfeichangdi。zaifengjiannongnuzhixiashixingminzuquyuzizhizhidushibukexiangxiangde,shiwufashixianrenminminzhuzhuanzhengde。zhongguogongchandanggenjunongqu、muquhesimiaodebutongtedianfenbiezhenduixingdijinxingle“sanfanshuangjian”“sanfanliangli”“sanfansansuan”denggaige,sangefangmiandeminzhugaigejibenshangtongbujinxing,shishishangchanchulexizangshehuijiangrenfenweisanliujiudengdejichu,bandiaolexizangrenmintoushangdewulachayi、gaolidaiboxuedengshuzuo“dashan”。zaizhenggeguochengzhong,baiwannongnushizhongguogongchandangyikaodezhuyaoliliang,tamentongguozishendefendou,zaizhongguogongchandangdedailingxiahuodelepingdengderenshenquanlihezhengzhiquanli,bingqudeshengchanziliao,chengweijuyoupingdengzhengzhiquanlidexiandaigongmin。suoyishuo,minzhugaigedeyigejudachengjiujiushijibenshixianlexizangshehuineibudepingdeng,weiminzuquyuzizhizhidudejianliqingchulezhangai。

minzhugaigequelidezhengjiaofenliyuanzeshiqilingyizhongdachengguo。minzhugaigequxiaolezhengjiaoheyizhidu,shicujinzangchuanfojiaoshisuhua、shunyingshijiechaoliudezhongyaojucuo,yekeyishuoshiyiciguanhuzhenggexizangdejiazhiguandegaige,weixizangminzuquyuzizhizhidudejianlidiandinglezhengzhijichu。tongshi,shixingzhengjiaofenliyeshiweilechedifeichufengjiannongnuzhi。xizangminzhugaigeqiandezhengjiaoheyizhidudezhuyaotedianshisengrenzhuzheng,yiweichizongjiaoliyiweizuizhongmude。zaizhengjiaoheyitizhizhixiadexizangshehuishiyigezhuanzhideshehui,tongzhijiejizhinengshisenglvguizu,guangdanongnushenshouyapo。zaizheizhongqingkuangxia,zhengzhifazhanweibeileqibenlaideguilv,erguangdanongnuyewufashixianzhenzhengdezongjiaoziyou。zhengjiaofenlishixiandaihuaguojiapubianjieshoudezhengzhiyuanze,zhiyouguojiazhengquanduliyuzongjiaocainengbaozhenggezongjiaochuyupingdengdiwei,zongjiaohuiguigerenxinyanglingyu,minzhongmianshouzongjiaopohai,shiduizongjiaoxinyangziyoudezhenzhengluoshi。shixingzhengjiaofenlishiagzhenrenxiandaihuaziyou、minzhudezhengzhizhidudebiyouzhilu,zhengjiaofenlishilishifazhandebiran,zhiyouzheiyang,xizangrenmincainengchongfenxiangshoudao《xianfa》fuyudegezhongquanli,youqishixuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquandejibenzhengzhiquanlihezongjiaoxinyangziyoudequanli。

xizangminzhugaigehoujianlideminzuquyuzizhizhidujuyouxianmingtese

zhongguogongchandangzaiduixizangkeguantiaojiandeshenkerenshixia,lingdaoxizanggezurenminjianliqiminzuquyuzizhizhidu,youyulishi、dili、zongjiao、minzudenggefangmianyuanyin,youbieyushijieqitadiqu,gengjuxianmingtese。zuidianxingbiaoxianzaizheiyizhidubutongyuqiansulianshidezaiminzuzijuejichushangdelianbangshidezhidu。minzuzijuezairenleishehuilishishangqidaoguojijizuoyong,guwuzhebeiyapominzuzhengquzijidequanyi,danshisuizhezhimintixidejieti,minzuzijuebeilanyong,chengweiminzufenlizhuyideqihao,geguozhongxinshenshiminzuzijuelilun,buzairenweimeigeminzudouyouquanlidulijianguo。zhongguodeminzuquyuzizhizhiduchaoyuelezaiminzuzijuedejichushangdelianbangzhishidezhidu,bimianlezaiguoneichuxiangeminzuzhijiandiweibupingdengsuoyinfademinzufenlie。zhouenlaitongzhizaitandaozheigewentishishuo,zhongguominzuquyuzizhizhiduqubieyuminzuzijuejichushangdelianbangzhi,zhuyaozaiyuagzhenrenyongminzuquyuzizhizhiduerfeijiamenggongheguozhileidexingshilaiquebaominzuhezuoheminzupingdeng,bujinjinshihanzuheqitashaoshuminzudepingdeng,haibaokuogeshaoshuminzuzhijiandepingdeng。minzuzhijianbupingdengwentichengweihoulaiqiansulianjietideyuanyinzhiyi,zhongguodeminzuquyuzizhizhidujiqishixing,bimianleqiansulianminzuzhengcedecuowu。minzuzizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandeshezhizengjialegeminzudeningjuli,zengqianglegeminzudexiangxinli,weihulezhongguodewendingfazhan。

xizangminzhugaige60nianlaiminzhuzhengzhiqudelejudachengjiu

xizangminzhugaigehouquelideminzuquyuzizhizhiduchongfenbaozhanglexizangrenmindeminzhuzhengzhiquanli,zhenzhengshixianlerenmindangjiazuozhu。minzhugaigehou,minzuquyuzizhizhiduzaixizangqueli,qishishihexinjiushiyifazunzhonghebaozhangxizangzizhijiguanchongfenxingshigexiangzizhiquan。shijianzhengming,minzuquyuzizhizhiduwanquanshihexizangdelishiyuxianshi,shizhongguogongchandangchuangzaoxingdiyunyongmakesilieningzhuyideminzulilunjiejueagzhenrenguodeminzuwentideguanghuifanli,xizangdeminzhuzhengzhibuduanfazhanhewanshan,zaichongfenbaozhangrenminminzhuquanlifangmianqudelekexikehedechengjiu。

shouxian,minzuquyuzizhizhidudequelishixizangdejicengminzhuhuodelefanrongfazhan。quanqusuoyoucun(ju)jianlilecunmindaibiaohuiyizhidu,shixingcunwugongkaizhidu,baozhengleminzhongdezhiqingquan、canyuquan、juecequanhejianduquan。muqian,gecun(ju)haianzhaoxiangguanguidingquelilecunguiminyue,genghaodishixianlecunmindeziagzhenrenguanli。

qici,minzhuxuanjushixizangrenminzhenzhengxingshidangjiazuozhudequanli。zaiminzhugaigequxiaozhengjiaoheyizhidushi,xizangdanggongweijiuzheshoujianligejizhengquanzuzhi,1961nian,xizangshixinglepuxuan,xizangrenminxingshilecongweiyouguodedangjiazuozhudequanli,xuanjuchanshenggejirenminzhengquan。1965nian9yue,xizangzizhiqurenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyizhaokai,xizangzizhiquzhengfuchengli,zizhijiguanyebeixuanjuchansheng,minzuquyuzizhizhiduzaixizangzhengshiquanmianshixing,xizangrenminzizhuguanlibendiquhebenminzushiwu。tongguoxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquandexingshixuanjuchurendadaibiao,zuchengzizhijiguan。zaigejizizhijiguanzhong,zangzulingdaoganbuzhanjuedaduoshu,zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhong,xizangrenminyetongguominzhuxuanjuxuanjuchubenminzudequanguorendadaibiao,biaodazijideliyisuqiu。minzhuxuanjushimeiyigefuhetiaojiandexizanggezurenminyongyoulepingdengdexuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquan,rangxizanggezurenminzhenzhengshixiandangjiazuozhu。

zuihou,minzhuzhengzhixieshangzaixizanghuodezhangzufazhan,baozhangxizangrenmindeminzhuquanli。renminzhengxieshizhongguoshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhideteyouxingshiheduteyoushi,shizhongguorenminshixingxieshangminzhudezhongyaojigou。zhengxiexizangzizhiquweiyuanhuizai1959nian12yue20richengli,zaixizangquelilezhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhixieshangzhidu,congxizanggezugejiezhongxuanjudaibiaolvxingzhengzhixieshang、canzhengyizhengdengzhineng,weiagzhenrengengjiameihaodexizangernuli。

AG真人xizangminzhugaigesuiranzhiguoqule60nian,danshixizangrenmindeminzhuquanliquequdelelishixingdechengjiu,chaoyueleminzhugaigeqianshubainian。xizangdeminzhugaigeshixizangjinrudaoxiandaiwenmingshehui,zaicijichushangjianlideminzuquyuzizhizhidushigezurenminhuodelepingdengdezhengzhiquanli,shixizangdeminzhuzhengzhiqudelejudadechengjiu。zuorizhongzhong,yichenglishi。zaixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdeyinlingzhixia,xizangjianghuichuangzaochugengjiaguangmingcanlandemingtian。

中共西藏自治区委员会党校 西藏自治区行政学院 保留一切文字图形权利 藏ICP备09000421
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