AG真人

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生态文明理念在西藏的生动实践

发布日期: 2012-08-17    作者:史云峰   来源:AG真人_平台首页 21

dangdeshibadabaogaozhichu,agzhenrenzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,zongbujushijingjiagzhenren、zhengzhiagzhenren、wenhuaagzhenren、shehuiagzhenrenheshengtaiwenmingagzhenren“wuweiyiti”,bingtichu“nuliagzhenrenmeilizhongguo,shixianzhonghuaminzuyongxufazhan”,zheiyiweizheshengtaiwenmingagzhenrendezhanlvediweigengjiazhongyao、gengjiamingque。zizhiqudangweirenzhenguancheluoshidangdeshibadajingshen,jinmijiehexizangshiji,tichuleagzhenren“meilixizang”dezhanlvebushu,zheijishixizangjiaqiangshengtaiwenmingagzhenrendezhongyaobiaozhi,yeshishixianxizangkuayueshifazhanhekechixufazhandezhongyaobaozhang。

AG真人yi、jianshoushengtaiwenmingheshengtaifazhanlinian

AG真人weiyuqingzanggaoyuandexizang,dishigaojun,diliteshu,yeshengdongzhiwuziyuan、shuiziyuanhekuangchanziyuanfengfu,suyou“shijiewuji”he“diqiudisanji”zhicheng。zheilibujinshinanya、dongnanyadiqude“jiangheyuan”he“shengtaiyuan”,haishizhongguonaizhidongbanqiuqihoude“qidongqi”he“diaojiequ”。tongshi,xizangshengtaihuanjingyoubijiaocuiruo,yincibaohuziranziyuandezaishengnengli,gaishanshengtaihuanjingzhiliang,shixianshengtaixitongliangxingxunhuan,quebaoziranshengtaixitongdewanzhengxingjilianghaodediaojienengli,quebaoshengtaianquanhejingji、shehui、shengtaidehexietongyi、xiediaofazhan,shixizangxiandaihuafazhandezhongyaoneironghekechixufazhandezhanlvexuanze。

hepingjiefang60duonianlai,dangheguojiayizhigaoduzhongshixizangshengtaihuanjingdebaohuyuagzhenren。conghepingjiefangzhichuzhongyangrenminzhengfuzuzhi“zhengwuyuanxizanggongzuodui”duixizangshengtaihuanjingjinxingkaochahepingjia,dao1998nianhe2000nianzhidingde《quanguoshengtaihuanjingagzhenrenguihua》he《quanguoshengtaihuanjingbaohugangyao》jiangqingzanggaoyuandongrongqulieweiquanguobadashengtaiagzhenrenquzhiyi;cong2009nianguowuyuantongguo《xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenguihua(2008-2030nian)》dao2010nianzhongyangdiwucixizanggongzuozuotanhuitichujiangxizangdazaochengzhongyaodeguojiashengtaianquanpingzhang,douchongfentixianledangheguojiaduixizangdeshengtaidiweihehuanjingbaohugongzuodezhongshi。“shiyiwu”qijian,xizangyongyushengtaihuanjingbaohuyuagzhenrendezijinchaoguo100yiyuan。《xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenguihua》jihuatouzi155yiyuan,shishi3dalei10xiangshengtaihuanjingbaohuyuagzhenrengongcheng,dao2030nianjibenjianchengxizangshengtaianquanpingzhang。yiciweibiaozhi,xizangdeshengtaihuanjingyubaohugongzuoburuletongyiguihua、zhengtituijin、baohuyuagzhenrenbingzhongdexinjieduan。jiezhimuqian,yiluoshizijin40.47yiyuan,3dalei10xianggongchengquanmianshishi。

xizangjianshouzunzhongziran、shunyingziran、baohuzirandeshengtaiwenmingheshengtaifazhandelinian,shengtaiagzhenrenhehuanjingbaohushiyesuizhexiandaihuadejinchengbuduanfazhan,henhaodibaohule“shijiewuji”dezheipianbishuilantian。2001nianzhongyangzhaokaidisicixizanggongzuozuotanhuihou,jiadaleduixizangshengtaiagzhenrenhehuanjingbaohudetouzilidu。xizangcongshixiankechixufazhandejiaoduchufa,mingquebafazhanlvyou、lvsenongyedengzuoweituidongdiqujingjizengzhangdezhizhuchanye。dangdeshiqidayihou,genjudangzhongyangguanyuxizangyaozouchuyitiaojuyouzhongguotese、xizangtediandefazhanluzidezhishi,yijiduonianlaiguanyuxizangyaobaohuhaobishuilantian、baohuhaoshengtai,chengdanqizuguoshengtaipingzhangzhongrendeyixiliezhishijingshen,tebieshizhongyangzaishiqidabaogaozhongtichudeshengtaiwenmingdezhongyaolilun,2009nian3yuezizhiqudangweishenzhongjueding,tichuleagzhenren“shengtaixizang”demubiao,yuciqiandemubiaorenwuyiqixingchengle“xiaokangxizang、pinganxizang、hexiexizang、shengtaixizang”demubiaorenwu。

agzhenrenshengtaixizang,shishengtaiwenmingheshengtaifazhanlinianzaixizangxiandaihuaagzhenrenzhongdetixian。bashengtaiwenmingagzhenrenfangzaituchudiwei,rongrushehuizhuyixinxizangjingjiagzhenren、zhengzhiagzhenren、wenhuaagzhenren、shehuiagzhenrengefangmianhequanguocheng,chongfentixianlezizhiqudangwei、zhengfuduirenleiwenmingfazhanzuixinchengguodeshenkerenshihelilunzijue,zheijishijiandingguanchedangzhongyangguanyuxizanggongzuoyixiliezhishijingshendebiaoxian,yeshixizangshehuizhuyixiandaihuaagzhenrenshijidexianshixuyao。weici,agzhenrenyaoyigoujianxizanggaoyuanguojiashengtaianquanpingzhangweihexin,zaiweilai20niannei,zhelidazaoshengtaianquanbaozhang、ziyuankechixuliyong、shengtaijingji、huanjingzhiliangbaozhang、renjuhuanjing、shengtaiwenhua、nenglibaozhangqidatixi,baxizangagzhenrenchengagzhenrenguozhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhang。2012nian12yue9ri,zhonggongxizangzizhiqudibajieweiyuanhuidisanciquantihuiyishenruguancheluoshidangdeshibadajingshen,tichujiandingbuyijiaqiangshengtaibaohu,zheliagzhenrenmeilixizang,zheishishengtaixizangmubiaogengyourenwenqinghuaihemeixueyiweidexianshitixian。2013nian1yuezhaokaidexizangzizhiqushijierendayicihuiyitichu,weilai5nian,xizangjiangjixujiadashengtaixizangagzhenrenlidu,jijichangdaoshengtaiwenming,zheligoujianshengtaianquanpingzhang,lizhengbaxizangjianchengshengtaihuanjingyoumei、shengtaijingjifada、shengtaijiayuanshushi、renyuziranhexiexiangchudeshengtaiqiangqu。

图片说明: AG真人西藏的基础设施AG真人和环境保护实现完美结合。

er、yonglvsexiaoyituidongshengtaibaohu

lantian,xueshan,yangguang,bishui……xizangbeiyuweishijieshangzuihouyipian“jingtu”,shiwushurenxinmuzhongde“xianggelila”。erzuoweiguojiashengtaianquanpingzhangdehexinzhiyi,xizangdeshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuoyizhibeishouguanzhu。2011nian5yue23ri,zaishoudougejiejinianxizanghepingjiefang60zhounianzuotanhuishang,zhonggongzhongyangzhengzhijuchangwei、quanguozhengxiezhuxijiaqinglinfabiaojianghuashizhichu: “xueyugaoyuandebishuilantiandedaohenhaobaohu。”

AG真人xizangjianchiyindaonongmumingaibianchuantongchumufangshi,yonglvsechanyetuidonglvsebaohu,yonglvsexiaoyituidongshengtaibaohu。xizangzizhiquhuanjingbaohutingziliaobiaoming,zi2005niananduoshishicaochangchengbaojingyingzerenzhihetuimuhaicaogongchengshidianxiangmuhou,dangdicaochangzhibeifugaidupingjuntigaole18.21gebaifendian,zhibeigaoduyouxiangmushishiqiande5.72limitigaodao7.64limi。xizangneiqudiquanduoxianmuminjingxidifaxian,jinnianlaizijiamuchanglidecaobiandemaomile,caishangquruanmianmiande,jingrannengmeiguojiaobei。zaipingjunhaiba4500miyishang、gaohanqueyang、changnianguazhedafengdezangbeigaoyuan,zhiwumeizhanggaoyihaomidouhenkunnan,errangdamianjidecaochangpingjunzhanggaojin2limi,bixufuchujianjudenuli。huanbaozhuanjiajieshi,zhisuoyinengqudezheigekansixiweishizejudadechengji,guanjianzaiyutuimuhaicaogongchengbadaliangmucaocongniuyangzuilibaohuxialai,shizhideyixiuyangshengxi。zi2004nianqidongtuimuhaicaogongchengyilai,xizangtouru15yiyuanshishituimuhaicao,mianjida5911wanmu。

dangzangbeigaoyuandemuminjingqidifaxianzijiacaochangdezhibeizhengzai“zhanggao”deshihou,yaluzangbujiangliuyudeshannanherikazeminzhong,yijingganjuedaofengshatianyuelaiyueshaole。jishinianqian,shannan、rikazebeirenweishixizangfengshazuidadelianggedifang。shannanminjianyouzheiyangdeyanyu: “zedangfengshazhidi,xingkuibushiagzhenrenjia;agzhenrendengbuzhucidi,keliandangdirenmen。”jingguoduoniandezhishuzaolin,rujinzaizheilianggediqujianchenglezhangdashangbaigonglideyanyaluzangbujianghenianchuhefanghulintixi,youxiaobaohulexizangrenkouzuiweichoumidehegushangbaiwanmunongtianhecaochang,fengshasinvedetianqimingxiandedaoezhi。shujuxianshi,he30nianqianxiangbi,lasashiheshannandiqudedafengfengshatianqinianjunjianshao32tian,rikazediqudafengfengshatianqinianjunjianshao34tian。

AG真人tuimuhaicao、zhishuzaolinhefangshazhishagongcheng,jinshixizangshengtaiagzhenrenyuhuanjingbaohugongzuodebufenneirong。tongguoduozhongyouxiaodebaohuheagzhenrencuoshideshishi,xizangmuqianyiranshishijieshanghuanjingzhiliangzuihaodediquzhiyi。diaochaxianshi,muqianxizangdeshui、qi、sheng、turang、fusheheshengtaihuanjingzhiliangyizhibaochizailianghaozhuangtai。dabufensenlin、jianghe、hubo、caochang、shidi、bingchuan、xueshanheyeshengdongzhiwudengdoudedaojiaohaobaohu。daduoshuhuborengchuyuyuanshengzhuangtai,weizaoshourenleiyingxiang。tongshi,xizangziranbaohuqudemianjiyijingdadao41.26wanpingfanggongli,zhandaoquanquguotumianjide34.3%,yijianli47geziranbaohuqu。

AG真人xizangzizhiqulinyejudetongjishujuxianshi,jiezhimuqian,xizang80%yishangdezhenxibinweiyeshengdongzhiwujizhongqixidi、156wangongqingdeyuanshisenlin、150wangongqingdezhongyaoshididedaoyouxiaobaohu,90%yishangdeziranshidijiqishengtaixitongjibenbaochizheyuanshengzhuangtai。2009niangongbudequanguodiqicisenlinziyuanlianxuqingchajieguoxianshi,xizangsenlinmianji1462.65wangongqing,juquanguodi5wei;huolimuzongxuji22.73yilifangmi,juquanguodi1wei;senlinfugailv11.91%。yu2005niangongbudediliucisenlinziyuanlianxuqingchajieguoxiangbi,senlinmianjizengjia73.04wangongqing,senlinfugailvtigao0.6gebaifendian。

shengtaibaohudailailvsexiaoyi,lvsexiaoyituidonglvsechanye,sanzheshixianleliangxingxunhuan。2012nianxizangjiedaiguoneiwailvke1058.4wanrenci,shixianlvyouzongshouru126.47yiyuan,fenbiezengzhang21.7%he30.3%,lvyoujiedairencitupoqianwandaguan、lvyouzongshourutupobaiyiyuandaguan,lvyouyededaoxunmengfazhan。jinhouwunian,xizanglvyoukaifajiangyushengtaihuanbaoyoujijiehe,shixianlvyouchanyeyuziyuan、huanjingxiangshiyingdekechixufazhan,nulijianchengshijieyiliugaoyuanshengtaiyuzangwenhuateselvyoumudedi,dao2017nianmozhengqunianjiedaiyoukedadao2000wanrenci,shixianlvyoushouru200yiyuan。

图片说明: AG真人由于生态环境良好,西藏很多地方已经成为多种候鸟的栖息地。

AG真人san、tizhichuangxinhegongzhongcanyudeshuanglunqudong

1965nian9yuexizangzizhiqurenminzhengfuzhengshichengliyihou,shengtaiagzhenrenhehuanjingbaohugongzuobansuizherenminminzhuzhengquangefangmiangongzuodekaizhannaruyishiricheng,dedaotizhihezuzhishangdebaozheng。1975nianxizangzizhiquhuanjingbaohulingdaoxiaozuhebangongshichengli,1983nianzhengshichenglizizhiquchengxiangagzhenrenhuanjingbaohuting,cihou,zuzhijigouheguanlitizhibuduanwanshan,xizangdeshengtaiagzhenrenhehuanjingbaohugongzuozhubuzoushangliangxingfazhanguidao。gaigekaifanghou,xizangdeshengtaiagzhenrenhehuanjingbaohushiyezaifazhihuadeguidaoshangbuduandedaofazhan。zizhiqurendahezhengfubanbushishideshengtaiagzhenrenhehuanjingbaohuleidifangxingfagui、guifanxingwenjian、bumenguizhang30yujian,xingchenglebijiaoxitongdedifangxinghuanjingbaohufaguitixi。

suizhejingjidebuduanfazhan,jixizangdehuanjingbaohugongzuodailaiyidingdeyali。xizangyangezunxun“baohuzhongkaifa,kaifazhongbaohu”deyuanze,tongguoguifankaifaagzhenrenguihuahuanjingyingxiangpingjia、qianghuaagzhenrenxiangmuhuanjingguanli、jiadakuangchanziyuankanchayukaifahuanjingjianguanlidu,quanmianjinzhikaicaishajinkuangheshatiekuangziyuan,zhashituijinwuranjianpai,jiadaduishuineng、kuangchan、lvyoudengzhongdianziyuankaifa、zhongdajichusheshiagzhenrenheshengtaihuanjingzhifajianguanlidu,xizangdehuanjinganquandedaoyouxiaobaozhang。jishishizaiguojiazhongdiangongcheng——qingzangtieluagzhenrenzhong,shengtaihuanbaolinianshizhongguanchuanqizhong。zaiqingzangtieludeagzhenrenguochengzhong,weiyouxiaobaohushengtaihuanjing,zaiquanguoshoucishixingquanxianhuanbaojianguanzhidu,yongyuhuanbaogongchengdetouzizhandaoqingzangtieluzongtouzide4.7%,zheizaizhongguotieluagzhenrenshishangshijuewujinyoude。zaixianluxuanzeshang,qingzangtielujinliangbikaiyeshengdongwuqixi、huodongdezhongdianquyu,tongguoxiujianhandong、suidao、qiaoliangdengcuoshi,zuidachengdudibaozhengtieluyanxianyeshengdongwudezhengchanghuodong。

AG真人jianlijianquanshengtaixiaoyibuchangzhangxiaojizhi,zhubujianliquanmiandeshengtaibuchangzhengce,xingchenglebaohuxizangcuiruoshengtaihuanjinghegonggupingzhanggoujianchengguodezhangxiaojizhi。wunianlai,xizangzaiquanguolvxianqidongbingquanmiantuixingcaoyuanshengtaibaohubuzhujianglijizhi,jianlilesenlinshengtaixiaoyibuchangzhidu,shiquanqu1.5yiduomugongyilinquanbunarubuchangfanwei,shuishengtaibuchangshidianqidong;zaiquanguolvxianqidongshengtaigongnengbaohuquagzhenren,shishi6geguojiajibaohuquguifanhuaagzhenren,xinjian8gezizhiqujishidibaohuqu;tianranlinbaohuerqigongchengshunliqidong,zhishuzaolin390wanmu,fengshanyulin767wanmu。2012nian,zizhiquwanchenglexizangshengtaihuanjingshinianbianhuayaogandiaochayupinggudeyewaidiaochagongzuo,jiangquanmianpingguxizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenxiangmuchengxiao,quanmianzhangwoguoqushinianxizangshengtaihuanjingbianhuadetedianheguilv。

shengtaixizangagzhenrenyunongmuqushengchanshenghuotiaojiangaishan、nongmuminzengshoushixianyoujijiehe,nulishixiandagongchengdaidongdafazhan、daxiangmudaidongdafazhan,gulinongmumincanyuxizangshengtaianquanpingzhangagzhenrengongzuo,xingchengquanmincanyushengtaianquanpingzhangdelianghaofenwei,fuminchengxiaomingxian。wunianlai,quanqushengtaibuchangnianjunda35yiyuan,200wannongmuminshouyi;nongmumintongguocanyuzhongdiangongyilinguanhuhelinyegongchengagzhenren,zengjiaxianjinshouruyue21.2yiyuan,changniancanyusenlinguanhudenongmuminjin8.4wanren,renjunnianshouru5400yuan。xizanglinyeguihuadao2015nian,qidongshishixizanghetao、mubenliangyoudengjidiagzhenren、tesejingjilinchanyedengyipixindelinyegongcheng,xinzengrengonglin26wangongqing,senlinfugailvdadao12.11%yishang,senlinxujiliangda22.75yilifangmi,guojiabaohudezhongdiangongyilinmianjida1057.2wangongqing,linyexitongnianzongchanzhida20yiyuanyishang,nianjunweinongmuminzengshou10yiyuanyishang。

liushiduonianlai,zaidangzhongyangdezhongshihequanguorenmindezhichixia,xizanggezurenminjingguonulifendou,bujinshixizangdeshehuimianmaofashenglefantianfudidebianhua,erqiezaishengtaiagzhenrenyuhuanjingbaohufangmianqudelejushizhumudechengjiu。rujindexizang,bujinjingjifazhan、shehuijinbu、wenhuafanrong、renminanjuleye,erqieshanchuanxiumei、heliuqingche,dongwuduoyang、zhiwufanmao,chengweimingfuqishide“xianggelila”。 2013nianshiagzhenrenququanmianguancheluoshidangdeshibadajingshendekaijuzhinian,shishenrushishi“shierwu”guihuachengqianqihoudeguanjianzhinian,zizhiquzhengfujijiangchutai《guanyuagzhenrenmeilixizangdeyijian》。agzhenrenbixuyigoujianxizanggaoyuanguojiashengtaianquanpingzhangweihexin,zhelituijin“meilixizang”agzhenren,agzhenrenziyuanjieyuexing、huanjingyouhaoxingshehui,jijigaishanshengtaihuanjing,dalifazhanshengtaijingji,jijipeiyushengtaiwenhua,weihuzhongyaoshengtaigongneng,baozhangguojiashengtaianquan,shixianxizangjingjishehuiyouhaoyoukuaifazhan。

(发表于《新西藏》2013年第4期)

(wangluobianji: danzenglangda)

中共西藏自治区委员会党校 西藏自治区行政学院 保留一切文字图形权利 藏ICP备09000421
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