AG真人

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对构建西藏生态安全屏障的几点思考

发布日期: 2014-07-14    作者:王娜   来源:AG真人_平台首页 0

zhaiyao: zhongyangdiwucixizanggongzuozuotanhuijiangxizangshengtaihuanjingbaohuyuagzhenrentidaogenggaodezhanlvediwei,mingquetichuxizangshiguojiazhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhang, yaojiakuaishishi 《xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenguihua》,zheishijiqinghaisanjiangyuanziranbaohuqushengtaibaohuyuagzhenrengongchengzhihou, guojiazaiqingzanggaoyuandiqushishideyouyixiangzhongdianshengtaibaohugongcheng。 qingzanggaoyuandeshengtaijiazhiyuanyuangaoyujingjijiazhi, aixixizangdeshanshanshuishui、 yicaoyimu,yongbaogaoyuanbishuilantian,laozhuxizangshengtaianquanpingzhangyiyishenyuan。

guanjianci: xizanggaoyuan;shengtaianquanpingzhang;baohu;agzhenren

zhongyangdiwucixizanggongzuozuotanhuimingquelexizangshizhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhangdezhanlvedingwei, tichulequebaoxizangshengtaihuanjinglianghaodezhanlvemubiao, shixizanghuanbaofazhanshishangdezhongdalichengbei。 xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenxiangmudeshishibiaoming, xizangshengtaihuanjingbaohuyiyoudifangzhanlveshangshengweiguojiazhanlve, tixianleagzhenrenguoduiqingzanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingdegaoduzhongshi。 qingzanggaoyuandeshengtaijiazhiyuanyuangaoyujingjijiazhi, laozhuxizangshengtaianquanpingzhangyiyishenyuan。

AG真人yi、xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangdetichu

xizangdeshengtaibaohuyizhishoudaogaoduzhongshi,danruhecongdadekuangjiaxiatongyiguihua、zonghexiediaoshiwentidenandian。 2005nianyouhuanbaobumenqiantou,qingzhongkeyuanyuanfuyuanzhang、yuanshisunhongliedanrenzixunzuzuzhang,chenglilelingdaoxiaozuhezhuanjiazixunzu,lunzhengxizangshengtaianquanpingzhangzhongyaoxing,dechuxizangdeshengtaihuanjingbaohuyuagzhenrenbujinguanxidaoxizangbenshendeshengtaianquan、jingjifazhanyuhexieshehuidegoujian, erqieshiguanguojiashengtaianquandejielun。

2009nian2yue18ri, guowuyuanchangwuhuiyishenyibingyuanzetongguo 《xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenguihua(2008-2030nian)》。 tichuyongjin5gewunianguihua,touzi155yiyuan,shishi10xiangshengtaibaohuyuagzhenrengongcheng ,jibenjianchengxizangshengtaianquanpingzhang。 jiezhimuqian,gongdaoweizijin17.8yiduoyuan,baohuyuagzhenrenxiangmujihuazai2030nianjibenwancheng。 zheishijiqinghaisanjiangyuanziranbaohuqushengtaibaohuyuagzhenrengongchengzhihou, guojiazaiqingzanggaoyuandiqushishideyouyixiangzhongdianshengtaibaohugongcheng。

AG真人jinnianlai, bushaoxuezheduishengtaianquanpingzhangdegainian、kexueneihanjinxingletantao,“ping”, zhedang,“zhang”, zuge,“shijiewuji”dedixingpingzhangzuoyong,zhuyaobiaoxianweiduiwuliuhenengliudengdezudang、zuzhiyufenliu,duihuanjingqizhongyaodediaojiezuoyong,jinerduigaoyuanjizhoubiandiqushengtaihuanjinganquandailaizhongyaoyingxiang。yibanlaishuoshengtaixitongshifuheshengtaixitong,jibaokuoziranshengtaixitong,yebaohanbanziranherengongshengtaixitong,tongguoduiziranshengtaixitongdebaohuherengongshengtaixitongdeagzhenren,zaikongjianshangxingchengduocengcidejiegouheyouxuhuadegeju,bingduixianglinhuanjingnaizhigengdachiduhuanjingdeanquanqidaobaozhangzuoyong,juyouzheizhonggongnengdeshengtaipingzhangshiyizhonganquandepingzhang,chengzhiweishengtaianquanpingzhang。

er、xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangdedutediwei

(yi)xizangshiagzhenrenguoyudongyaqihouxitongwendingdezhongyaopingzhang

AG真人muchangshengtaixuejiahenongyefazhanzhuanjiadannier·j·milezaitiwei《jintiandexizangheyirucijuzuqingzhong》yiwenzhongrenwei,qingzanggaoyuanyongyouguangmaodegaoshancaodi,tadezhiwuheturangnenggouchucuneryanghuatan, yincishizhongyaodetanku。chucunzaicaodishengtaixitongdetanduidangdinaizhiquanqiudetanxunhuandouzhiguanzhongyao, shenzhiyoukenenggaibianquanqiutanxunhuan,jineryingxiangqihou。 qingzanggaoyuanshidongbanqiuqihoudeqidongqu,shiagzhenrenguonaizhishijiezhongyaodeqihoudiaojieqi。 qingzanggaoyuanshixifenghuanliufenweinanbeiliangzhi,beizhihuanliujiaqiangleagzhenrenguoxibeinaizhimenggudiquganhanhuachengdu,nanzhihuanliubayinduyangnuanshiqiliudairuagzhenrenguodongbudiqu,xingchengtaipingyangjifengheyinduyangjifengbingcundejumian, shiagzhenrenguodongbuxingchengshirundeyaredaijifengqihouqu, zheiyangjiuyouleagzhenrenguoxibeiganhan、dongbushirun、qingzanggaoyuanhanlengsandaziranqudedilihuanjinggeju。 keyishuo,meiyouqingzanggaoyuan,jiumeiyoujiangnanshuixiang,bimianxizanggaoyuanchengweishayuandi,yejiubimianleagzhenrenguodongbuyudongyadiquchuxianleisitongweidubeifei、zhongdongdiqudeshamodidai。xizangyeshiagzhenrenguodongbuxiajihonglaoduiliuyunxitongdezhongyaoyuandizhiyi, zuoweinanbeireliangheshuiqijiaohuandejudapingzhang, duilaizidiweihaiyangdeyuanjulishuiqishusongjuyou“zhuanyunzhan”zuoyong,zhijieyingxiangdaozhangjiangliuyujifengmeiyudefashengyuguocheng, yingxiangagzhenrenguohanlaofenbuheshengtaihuanjingdeyanbian。 suizheduidiqiudeshenruyanjiu,renmenrenweixizanggaoyuanhenanbeiliangjiyiyang,doushidiqiushangzuiteshu、duiquanqiubianhuayingxiangzuida、fanyingzuimingandediqu。qihoubianhuashibukenizhuande,shishikechixufazhanzhanlve,baohuhaoxizanggaoyuandeshengtaihuanjing,shiagzhenrenguohequanshijierenmindegongtongxuyao。

(er)xizangshizhongyaodejiangheyuanqu

xizangshiagzhenrenguoheliuzuiduodeshengquzhiyi, zhangjiang、huanghedengdajiangdaheyijinanyadexuduozhumingheliudoufayuanyuci,suyou“jiangheyuan”zhicheng,qihexinbufen,jiqinghaisanjiangyuandiqulilaibeichengwei “zhonghuashuita”、“yazhoushuita”。 huanghe、zhangjiang、lancangjiang、nujiang、yaluzangbujiangheyinduliangdaheliu: hengheheyinduhe,doushizaizheipiantudishangfajide, keyishuozheilishizhongguozhanghezhiyuan,shiyanhuangzisundemuti。 xizangyeshiagzhenrenguohubo、zhaozefenbuzuijizhongdequyuzhiyiheshijieshangshandibingchuanzuifayudediqu。 youyudichuyaoubankuaiyufeizhoubankuaijiaojiedidai,zaochengzheilihubozhongduoqieduoweixianshuihuheneiluhu,hubozongmianji2.5wankm2,yuezhanquanguohubomianjide30%,geleishidimianji600wangongqing,yuezhanxizangguotumianjide4.9%,juquanguozhishou;bingchuanmianji2.86wankm2, bingchuannianrongshuijingliuyuezhanquanguobingchuanrongshuijingliude53.6%, yongjiuxingdongtuhejijiexingdongtumianjifenbiezhanquanguode52.6%he38.5%。 bingchuanfayu,hubozhongduo,shidimianjida,yunyulexuduozhongyaojianghe,shiagzhenrenguozuiweizhongyaodeshengtaiyuanquheshuiziyuanfujiqu,duizhongduoyazhouzhongyaojianghedeshuiyuanhanyangheshuiwendiaojiejuyouzhongyaozuoyong。 zaiagzhenrenguoshuiziyuanwentiriyiyanjundeqingkuangxia,xizangdeshuiziyuanyushuianquanduibaozhangshuiziyuandechixuliyongjuyouzhongdayiyi。

(san)xizangshizhongyaodeshengwuwuzhongjiyinku

xizangjuyoushijieshangduyiwuerdeshengwuduoyangxing,shibaozhangdiqiushengwuduoyangdezhongyaojiyinku。 xizangdiyuliaokuo,shengtaileixingfuzaduoyang,yongyouchuhaiyangshengtaixitongwaidejihusuoyouludishengtaixitongleixing,yongyoushijieshangbeibanqiuweiduzuigaoderedaiyulin、 jiyulinshengtaixitong、dianxingzhongguo-ximalayaquxitezhengdeshandisenlinshengtaixitonghexizangsuoteyoudegaohanganhanhuangmo、gaohanbanganhancaoyuanhegaohanbanshirungaoshancaodiandengleixing。 xizangdutedeshengtaixitongleixingyunyulefengfudeshengwuqunluo,jizhongfenbulexuduozhenxiyeshengdongzhiwu,qizhong,guojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwu125zhong、yeshengzhiwu39zhong,shishijieshandishengwuwuzhongzuizhuyaodefenhuayuxingchengzhongxin,shiquanqiu25geshengwuduoyangxingrediandiquzhiyi, yougaohanshengwuziranzhongzhikuzhicheng,zaiquanqiushengwuduoyangxingbaohuzhongjuyouzhongyaodezhanlvediwei。

AG真人(si)xizangshizhongyaodezhanlveziyuanchubeijidi

zhongyangdiwucixizanggongzuozuotanhuitichuleyaobaxizangjianchengguojia “zhongyaodezhanlveziyuanchubeijidi”,“heliyouxudikaifakuangchanziyuan”jizaizangdong、zangzhong、zangxi、zangxibeijianchengyousejinshu、getiekuang、yanhudekaifayuchubeijidi。 teshudedizhigouzaoshixizangjuyoufengfudekuangchanziyuan,muqianyifaxiankuangchuang、kuangdianjikuanghuadian3000yuchu,shejikuangzhong102zhong, yitanmingchuliangdekuangchanzhongjuquanguoqianwuweidekuangchanyou12zhong、juqianshiweideyou18zhong,kuangchanziyuandeqianzaijiazhizaiwanyiyuanyishang。 zhuyaokuangzhongyouheisejinshu、yousejinshu、xiyoujinshu、weixijinshu、yejinfuzhuyuancailiao、huagongyuanliaokuang、jiancaijiqitafeijinshukuang、baoshikuang、nengyuankuangdeng。 getiekuangchuliangjuquanguozhishou,zhiliangshangcheng,pinweigaoda50%;tongkuangchuliangyou11.57yidun,weijuquanguodier, zangdongyulongdaxingbanyantongkuangchulianggaoda600duowandun,shushijiehanjian;“jinshuxingui”likuangzaixizangqianzaichuliangjushijieqianlie,congerchengweiagzhenrenguolikuangziyuandezhongyaojidi。

chuleyishangzheixiefeichangtuchudeziyuanyoushiwai,xizanghaiyongyousenlinziyuan、tianranyaocaiziyuandeng,zheixieziyuanzaiquanguofanweineibutongchengdudijuyouyidingdebijiaoyoushi。

san、xizangdeshengtaianquanxianzhuang

xizangpingjunhaibazai4000miyishang,zirantiaojianjuedingleshengtaihuanjingdecuiruoxing,ziyuandehuifuyugengxinsuduhuanman。 1961-2007nian,xizangdiqunianpingjunqiwenmei10nianyi0.32℃desulvshangsheng, mingxiangaoyuquanguohequanqiudezengwenlv。 zaizangbeizangxibeiganhan、banganhanqu,qiwenshenggaodailaizhengfaliangheganhanzaihaifashengjilvzengda,shengtaixitongbuwendingxingzengqiang。 suizheqiwenshenggao,xizangdabufendiquchengxiannuanganhuaqushi,shengtaihuanjingtuihua、bingchuantuisuo、gaoyuandongtuxiajieshangsheng、dongrongxiaorongdengwentijiaju,jineryoufacaodituihuahetudihuangmohua。

AG真人(yi)shengtaihuanjingzhengticuiruo

xizanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingjuyouzhengticuiruodetedian,zhuyaobiaoxianweishengtaixitongduiwailizuoyongdebuwendingxingheminganxing。zaixiangtongwailizuoyongxia,xizanggaoyuanshengtaixitongbianyijiyoucichuxiangezhongshengtaihuanjingwentidegailvgenggao,zaochengdeweihaijiqianzaisunshigengyanzhong。youyanjiubiaoming,ruguobaxizanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingcuiruodufenweiwugedengji,zhongdujiyishangcuiruodequyumianjida1.03×106km2,zhanxizangguotumianjide86.1%,zheiqizhongyouyouchaoguoliuchengdemianjiweijiducuiruohegaoducuiruoqu, zhuyaofenbuyuqiangtanggaoyuanhezangdongjizangdongnangaoshanxiaguqu。 genjurenleihuodongganraodudeyanjiu, xizanggaoyuanderenleiganraozongtichuyujiaodizhuangtai, erquanqiubianhuaduigaoyuanshengtaihuanjingyijingzaochengzhongdayingxiang。

(er)caodituihuamingxianhetudishahuajiaju

AG真人shouquanqiuqihoubiannuandeyingxiang,xizangtianrancaodishahuatuihuaxingshishifenyanjun,quanqu95%dekeliyongcaodibutongchengduyousuotuihua, tuihuacaodimianjida6.4yiduomu, youqishineiquzangbeicaoyuantuihuaqushigengweiyanzhong,tuihuacaodimianjiyida2.05yimu, yuezhandangdicaodizongmianjide49%。 caodifangfenggusha、shuiyuanhanyangdengagzhenrengongnengjianruo, daozhizaihaixingtianqihexuezaipinlvjiakuai,nianjun8jiyishangdafengrishuda30tianyishang; zangbeidiqujin10nianlaipingjunqiwenzenggao0.4℃,pingjunjiangshuiliangjianshao41.6haomi。

zaiqiangshengfengliheqihouganhandegongtongzuoyongxia,fengshizuoyongjiaju,tudishahuajiaju。judisanciquanguohuangmohuaheshahuajiancejieguoxianshi, agzhenrenqushahuatudimianji2170wangongqing,liequanguodisanwei,zhanquanquguotumianjide18%,bingqieyimeinian0.18%desudukuozhang,shahuatudinianjunzengzhang3.96wangongqing, meiniantudishahuazaochengzhijiejingjisunshiyuewei8.6yiyuan。 tudishahuabujinzaochengnongtianzhiliangxiajiang, nongzuowujianchan, erqiezaochengrenjuhuanjingehua,zaichunjiduofengjijie,dafengshichangzaochengfeijihangbanbuzhengchang,laiziminhangxizangqujudetongjishujuxianshi,2009nian3yue1rizhi4yue29ri,yintianqiyuanyindaozhi32gehangbanbunengzhengchangzhijiang。

(san)shuituliushiyanzhonghedizhizaihaipinfan

xizangshugaohancaodianhecaoyuanqu, shuitubaochinenglicha,quanqiuqihoubiannuanshidongtuxiaorongjiakuai,yijiajushuituliushi。xizangdeturangqinshizhuyaobaokuoshuiliqinshi、fengliqinshihedongrongqinshisanzhongleixing。 shuishiquzhuyaojizhongyuzangdongde“sanjiang”liuyu、yaluzangbujiangliuyuzhongyoudengjiangshuijiaoduodeshirun、banshirundiqu;fengshiquzhuyaojizhongzaialidiqu、 neiqudiqudezhongxibujijiachayixideyaluzangbujiangheguqu; dongrongqinshizhuyaofenbuzaijiangshuijiaoduo、turangshuifenhanliangjiaogaodegaohaibadiqu。suizherenkouzengjiaheduiziranziyuankaifaliyonglidudejiada,caoyuanguodufangmu、doupokaikenzhunianzengduo,xinzengshuituliushiyuelaiyueyanzhong,renweizaochengdeshuituliushizhujianjiaju。

xizangyeshiagzhenrenguodizhizaihaizuiyanzhongdediquzhiyi,duiguominjingjiheshehuifazhandailailejidaweihai,meinianzaochengdezhijiejingjisunshidayiyuanyishang。xizangdizhigouzaofuzaqiejuyouganshijifenming、 jiangyujizhongdengqihoutedian,daozhidizhizaihaileixingduo、fenbuguang、baofapinlvgao、guimoda、weihaiyanzhong。 quanqudizhizaihaiyifaqumianjida40duowankm2,zaihaidianduoda5000-7000chu。 zhuyaodizhizaihaileixingyounishiliu、bengta、huapo、dongzhangrongchen、suishiliuhebinghukuijuedeng。 tongjixianshi,1993-2005nian,xizanggongfashengdizhizaihai1604qi, shangwang274ren, zhijiejingjisunshi6.69yiyuan,zhiyuelexizangjingjishehuidezhengchangfazhan。

AG真人si、xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangguihuabuju

AG真人tongguozonghekaolvxizangshengtaixitongfenyiguilv,genjushengtaixitongagzhenrengongnengyujingjishehuifazhanxiangyizhi、liuyudanyuanxiangduiwanzhengxingyuanze, jiangxizanghuafenwei3geshengtaianquanpingzhangquhe10geyaqu。

(yi)zangbeigaoyuanhezangxishandi: caodian-caoyuan-huangmoshengtaixitonganquanpingzhangqu

ⅰquyicaodian-caoyuan-huangmoshengtaixitongweizhuti,baokuozangbeigaoyuanhupenqu、zangxialigaoyuanshandiqujiyaluzangbujiangjiangyuanqu, shengtaiminganxinghecuiruoxingchengdujigao,juedabufendiquweiwurenqu,shibaohugaohanteyouyeshengdongzhiwuzhonghefangzhitudishahuadezhongyaopingzhangqu。gaiqukehuafenweisangeyaqu: ⅱ1yaqu: qiangtanggaoyuanbeibu、kunlunshannanyijitongtianheshangyougaohanteyoushengwuduoyangxingbaohuyaqu。gaiyaquweiyuqiangtanggaoyuanbeibu、kunlunshanmainance,dishikaikuohehuan,qihoujiduanhanlengganzao,dafengpinfan,zhuyaoshengtaixitongleixingweigaohanhuangmohegaohanhuangmocaoyuan,shengtaixitongjiegoujiandan,zhiwuzuchengdanyi,zhuyaozhilicuoshishibaohugaohanhuangmohehuangmocaoyuanshengwuduoyangxing,tebieshizhenxiteyoudongzhiwuzhong;ⅰ2yaqu: qiangtanggaoyuannanbujizangxishanditudishamohuakongzhiyumuyeshidufazhanyaqu。gaiyaqudichuqiangtanggaoyuannanbu,quneijiyoudishipinghuandegaoyuanqiulinghupen, youyougaohaibadegangdisishanheximalayashan,qihouhanlengganzao,shengtaixitongleixingyigaohancaoyuanshengtaixitongweizhu,qiciweiwenxinghuangmo、wenxinghuangmocaoyuanhegaohanhuangmocaoyuandeng,shengtaixitongleixingjiandan、zhiwuzhongleishao,ziranzhuangtaixiadecaodizhibeifugaidujiaodi,zhuyaozhilicuoshishijiaqianggaohanhewenxingcuiruocaoyuanshengtaixitongdebaohu;ⅰ3yaqu:  neiqudiqudongbujidangquliuyushuiyuanhanyangyaqu。gaiyaqudichuqiangtanggaoyuandongbudenujiangyuantouqujizangbeineiwailiufenshuilingdebufendiqu,dishikaikuopinghuan,shuyuhanlengbanshirunqihou, zhuyaoshengtaixitongleixingweigaohancaodianhegaohancaodiancaoyuan, caodizhibeizuchengjiaogaohancaoyuanleifuza, zhuyaozhilicuoshishibaohunujiangyuanqushuiyuanhanyanggongnenghefazhancaoyuanchumuye。

(er)zangnanjiximalayazhongduan: guancong-caodishengtaixitonganquanpingzhangqu

ⅱquyiguancong-caoyuanshengtaixitongweizhuti,gaiquyougangdisishanmai(zhongdongduan)、ximalayashanmai(zhongduan)he“yijianglianghe”sandadimaodanyuanzucheng。 “yijianglianghe”diquhegupingyuanmianjida、 fenbuguang, shuirezuhetiaojianjiaohao,juyoufazhanhegunongmuyehetesejingjiyoulitiaojian,zhongdiankaifaagzhenrenlasa、rikaze、zedangsangechengshi,tongshigaiqujinlinbianjing, bianjingkouanchengzhenhexiangcunshizhongdiankaifaqu。 ⅱqukefenweisangeyaqu: ⅱ1yaqu: yaluzangbujiangzhongyoukuangutudishahuaheshuituliushikongzhijijingjizhongdianfazhanyaqu。gaiyaqushuwennuanbanganhanqihouqu,hegudidaipingdimianjida,hemantanfayu,quneishengtaixitongyiwenxingguancongcaoyuanweizhu, caodishengchanliheshengwuliangjiaogao, zhuyaozhilicuoshishijiaqiangtudishahuaheshuituliushizonghezhili;ⅱ2yaqu: zhongximalayashanmaibeiceshanyuankuangupenditudishahuakongzhiyunongmuyeshidufazhanyaqu。 gaiyaqudichuzhongximalayashanmaibeicedeshanyuandidai, fayuleyigaohancaoyuanshengtaixitongweizhudeduozhonggaoshanshengtaixitongleixing,shengtaixitongjiegoujiandan,zhiwuzhongleizuchengdanyi, zhuyaozhilicuoshishikongzhitudishahuahebaohushuiyuanhanyanggongneng;ⅱ3yaqu: zhongximalayashannanposhengwuduoyangxingbaohuyulvyouyefazhanyaqu。 gaiyaqudichuzhongximalayashanmainanpo, shouyinduyangnuanshiqiliuyingxiang, fayuleyiyaredaichanglvkuoyelinweijidaideduocengcishandisenlinshengtaixitongleixingjigaoshancaodianshengtaixitong,zhuyaozhilicuoshishibaohushengwuduoyangxing。

AG真人(san)zangdonghezangdongnan: senlinshengtaixitonganquanpingzhangqu

ⅲquyisenlinshengtaixitongweizhuti, dichuzangdonghezangdongnanbugaoshanshenguqu,senlinshengtaixitongleixingduoyang,fenbumianjida, shigaiquzuijuyoushihetesedeshengtaixitongleixing。quneishuixifayu,jinshajiang、lancangjiang、nujiangheyaluzangbujiangjiqizhiliushuiliangfengfu,jijiebianyijiaoxiao,shiagzhenrenguoshuiliziyuanzuifengfudediquzhiyi。 heguqurenkouchoumi,juyoufazhannonglinyehelvyouyedeyoulitiaojian,qizhongzhongdiankaifaagzhenrenlinzhi、changdoulianggedijichengshi,danziyuankaifadailaideshuituliushiheshandizaihaiwentiyanzhong,suoyigaiquzhuyaozhilicuoshishijiaqiangshuiyuanhanyang,baohushengwuduoyangxing,shidufazhantesejingji。 ⅲqukehuafenweisigeyaqu。ⅲ1yaqu: changdoubeibuheliushangyoushuiyuanhanyangyumuyefazhanyaqu。 gaiyaquweiyuchangdoudiqudebeibu,jinlianqinghai,quneiqihoujiaowennuanshirun,shugaoyuanwendaibanshirunqihouleixing,zhuyaozhilicuoshishishuiyuanhanyangheshengwuduoyangxingbaohu,fazhantesechumuye;ⅲ2yaqu: changdounanbushengwuduoyangxingbaohuyulvyouyefazhanyaqu。 gaiyaquweiyuchangdoudiqunanbu,jinshajiang、lancangjianghenujiangnanbeixiangguanchuanquanjing,shugaoyuanwendaibanshirunqihou,zhuyaoshengtaixitongleixingweiyiyun、 lengweizhutideyagaoshananzhenyelin,ciwaiyoujiaodamianjideyingyekuoyelinheyunnansonglin,zhuyaozhilicuoshishibaohushengwuduoyangxing,jiaqiangshuiyuanhanyang;ⅲ3yaqu: yaluzangbujiangxiayoushengwuduoyangxingbaohuyugudinonglinye、lvyouyefazhanyaqu。 gaiyaqudichunianqingtanggulashanmaiyuximalayashanmaizhijian, senlinshengtaixitongguangweifenbu,laiziyaluzangbujiangdaguaiwanchudemengjialawanshuiqijingnianqingtanggulashanzudang,xingchengjiangshuifengfu、shengtaixitongleixingduoyanghehaiyangxingbingchuanguangweifayudexianmingtedian,qizhongpalongzangbuliuyushiagzhenrenguozuidajifenghaiyangxingbingchuanfenbuqu,zhuyaozhilicuoshishibaohushengwuduoyangxing,fazhantesenonglinye;ⅲ4yaqu: ximalayashandongduannanyishengwuduoyangxingbaohuyugudinonglinyefazhanyaqu。 gaiyaqudichuximalayashanmaidongduannanyi,shoumengjialashuiqiyingxiangda,jiangshuifeichangfengfu,quneiqihoushuipingyuchuizhibianhuamingxian,congnanwangbeiyicichuxianredai、yaredai、wendai、handaihegaoshanbingxuedai,shengtaixitongleixingduoyang,shengwuduoyangxingjiweifengfu,zhuyaozhilicuoshishibaohushengwuduoyangxing。

cankaowenxian:

[1]nanwenyuandeng.qingzanggaoyuanzangqukechixufazhanmubiaoyanjiu[j].chaidamukaifayanjiu,2001(3).

[2]sunhongliedeng.qingzanggaoyuanxingchengyanhuayufazhan[m].guangzhou: guangdongkejichubanshe,1998.

[3]sunzhongdeng.xibudakaifayuminzudiqukechixufazhan[m].qinghai: qinghairenminchubanshe,2002.

[4]yangsong.xizangdeshengtaihuanjingyukechixufazhanzhanlve[j].zhongguozangxue,2004(3).

[5]zhongxianghaodeng.xizanggaoyuanguojiashengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenren[j].shandixuebao,2006(2).

[6]zhongxianghaodeng.xizanggaoyuanshengtaianquanyanjiu[j].shandixuebao,2010(1).

[7] xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenguihua(2008~2030nian).fagaibannongjing[2009]446haowenfujian,2009.2

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