AG真人

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青藏高原区域生态AG真人与环境保护
《西藏藏族人口城镇化及其就业取向和特点研究》课题组

发布日期: 2014-07-14    作者:来源:AG真人_平台首页 0

qingzanggaoyuanbaokuoxizang、qinghai、sichuan、yunnan、gansu、xinjiang6sheng(qu)27gediqu179gexian,diliweizhiteshu,ziranziyuanfengfu,shiagzhenrenguozhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhang。jiaqiangqingzanggaoyuanshengtaiagzhenrenyuhuanjingbaohu,duiyuweihuguojiashengtaianquan,cujinbianjiangwendingheminzutuanjie,quanmianagzhenrenxiaokangshehui,juyouzhongyaoyiyi。

AG真人yi、qingzanggaoyuan“wudagongnengqu”detichu

guotukongjianshirenleilaiyishengcunhefazhandejichu,yidingchidudeguotukongjiandoujuyouduozhonggongneng,danqizhongbiyouyizhongshizhutigongneng。shishizhutigongnengquzhanlve,jiushiyaogenjubutongquyudeziyuanhuanjingchengzainengli、xianyoukaifaqiangduhefazhanqianli,tongchoumouhuarenkoufenbu、jingjibuju、guotuliyonghechengshihuageju,quedingqizhutigongneng,bingjucimingquekaifafangxiang,kongzhikaifaqiangdu,xingchengrenkou、jingji、ziyuanhuanjingxiangxiediaodeguotukongjiankaifageju。

2011nian3yue30ri,wenjiabaozonglizhuchizhaokaideguowuyuanchangwuhuiyishang,taoluntongguole《qingzanggaoyuanquyushengtaiagzhenrenyuhuanjingbaohuguihua(2011—2030nian)》,guowuyuanshoucitichuqingzanggaoyuan“wudagongnengqu”dehuafensilu,yituijinzhongdiandiqushengtaihuanjingbaohu,qiwangyouxiaoezhiqingzanggaoyuanriyiyanjundeshengtaizhuangkuang。genjuzheiyiguihua,guojiajianggenjubutongdiqudedilitezheng、zirantiaojianheziyuanhuanjingchengzaili,jiangqingzanggaoyuanhuafenweishengtaianquanbaoyuqu、chengzhenhuanjinganquanweihuqu、nongmuyehuanjinganquanbaozhangqu、ziyuanquheyuliuqudengqitadiqu,bingzhidingshishixiangyingdeguanlicuoshi。zheiyisilubi2009nian2yue18riguowuyuanchangwuhuiyishenyibingyuanzetongguode《xizangshengtaianquanpingzhangbaohuyuagzhenrenguihua(2008~2030)》youqianjinleyibu,guihuadangshiquedingjiangxizangfenwei3geshengtaianquanpingzhangquhe10geyaqu。

AG真人《guihua》tichu,qingzanggaoyuanquyushengtaiagzhenrenyuhuanjingbaohumubiaofenweisangejieduan: jinqi(2011~2015nian)dezhuyaomubiaoshizhelijiejuezhongdiandiqushengtaituihuahehuanjingwuranwenti,shishengtaihuanjingjinyibugaishan,bufendiquhuanjingzhiliangmingxianhaozhuan;zhongqi(2016~2020nian)dezhuyaomubiaoshiyiyouzhilichengguodedaogonggu,shengtaizhilifanweiwenbukuoda,huanjingwuranfangzhilidujinyibujiada,shishengtaianquanpingzhangagzhenrenqudemingxianchengxiao,jingjishehuiheshengtaihuanjingxiediaofazhangejujibenxingcheng,quyushengtaihuanjingzongtigaishan,dadaoquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidehuanjingyaoqiu;yuanqi(2021~2030nian)mubiaoshiziranshengtaixitongquyuliangxingxunhuan,chengxianghuanjingqingjieyoumei,renyuziranhexiexiangchu。

er、qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongdedutezuoyong

AG真人qingzanggaoyuanshiagzhenrenguoshengtaixitongleixingzuifengfudediquzhiyi,qishengtaixitongagzhenrengongnengzaiagzhenrenguonaizhishijiezhanyouzhongyaodediwei,gaoyuanhuanjingbianhuaduiquanqiubianhuajuyouminganxiangyingheqianglieyingxiang,gaoyuandexiandaihuanjingyudibiaoguochengxianghuzuoyong,yinqibaokuobingdongquanheshuiziyuanjishengtaixitongdengyixiliebianhua,duigaoyuanbenshenjizhoubiandiquderenleishengcunhuanjinghejingjishehuifazhanchanshengzhongdayingxiang。

(yi)qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongdeagzhenrengongneng

AG真人shengtaixitongshizhiyigejuyoutedinggongnengdeyoujiti,youshengchanzhe(lvsezhiwuheqitaziyangshengwu)、xiaofeizhe(yiyangshengwu)、fenjiezhe、wujihuanjingdengbufenzucheng,qijianbuduandijinxingzhewuzhixunhuan、nengliangliudonghexinxichuandihuodong。shengtaixitongduijingjishehuifazhandeyueshuzuoyong,zhuyaozaiyuyuanyuanbuduandixiangjingjishehuixitongshuruyouyongdewuzhihenengliang,jieshouhezhuanhualaizijingjishehuixitongdefeiqiwuyijizhijieweirenleishehuitigongagzhenren。

shengtaixitongagzhenrengongnengshizhirenleicongshengtaixitongzhonghuodedexiaoyi,baokuoshengtaixitongduirenleichanshengzhijieyingxiangdegongjigongneng、diaojiegongneng、zhichigongnenghewenhuagongneng。ludishengtaixitongshidiqiushengmingzhichixitongdezhongyaozuchengbufen,shirenleijingjishehuichixufazhandewuzhijichu。qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongdezhuyaoagzhenrengongnengkeguinaweilianggefangmian: shengtaixitonghuanjingagzhenrengongneng,baokuoshuiyuanhanyang、turangbaochi、shengwuduoyangxingbaohu、fangfenggushadenggongneng;jingjiagzhenrengongneng,jishengtaixitongmanzurenleishengchanshenghuoxuyaodeagzhenrengongneng。qingzanggaoyuanzheiyijuyouquanqiuyiyideshijieshanghaibazuigaodeludiziranshengtaixitong,yunzangzhejudadegongnengyujiazhi,meiniankechuangzaojinwanyiyuandeagzhenrenjiazhi,zairenleishengcunyufazhanzhongqizhezhiguanzhongyaoqiewuketidaidezhongyaozuoyong。

(1)buketidaixing。qingzanggaoyuanpingjunhaibachaoguo4000mi,xingchenglejushiwushuangdezirandilidanyuan,fenbuhefayulegaoyuanteyoudeshengtaixitongleixing,qizhongbaokuosenlinshengtaixitong、guancongcaodianshengtaixitong、caoyuanshengtaixitong、huangmoshengtaixitong、gaoshandianzhuangzhibeishengtaixitong、zhaozeshidishengtaixitongdeng,juyouhanyangshuifen、baohushengwuduoyangxing、shuitubaochi、fangfenggusha、diaojieqihoudengteshuerzhongyaodeshengtaigongneng。

(2)wuzhongduoyangxing。qingzanggaoyuanzailongqiguochengzhongzhoubiandiquwuzhongkaishifenhuabingxianggaoyuanqianrulexindezhongshu,teshudedili、qihouheshengjingtiaojianyunyulezhongleifanduodeshengwuwuzhong,gouchenglegaoyuanshengtaixitongneifuzaerduoyangdeshengwuxitong。jutongji,gaoyuanyongyougaodengzhiwu13000yuzhong,luqijizhuidongwu1100duozhong。zheixieshiyinggaohandiwen、qiangfushehuanjingdeteyoudongzhiwuwuzhongshirenleishengcunbukequeshaodejiyinziyuan,bujinjuyoujudadeshengtaiagzhenrenjiazhi,haijuyouhengaodeshengwuxue、yichuanxue、meixuejiazhiyijifengfudejingjijiazhiyukeyanjiazhi。

(3)bukenizhuanxing。qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongshizaimanzhangdedizhiyundongheqihouyanbianguochengzhongxingchengde,shengtaixitongjiegouhegongnengbijiaojiandan,wuzhixunhuanhenengliangzhuanhuanguochenghuanman,kangganraonengliheziagzhenrenpinghengnenglijicha,biaoxianchumingxiandebuwendingxing,renleihuodongdeqinraochaoguoshengtaixitongzidongdiaojie、xiufugongneng,jiuhuichuxiangongnengxingwenluan、tuihuahuonixiangyanti,jiangdihuosangshiyingyoudegongnengjiazhi,erqiduofangmiandeyingxiangwangwangshiqianzaideshenzhishibukenizhuande。

(4)xiaoyingkuosanxing。qingzanggaoyuanzuoweidiqiushangweishizuigaodejudashengtaixitongzhengtisuojuyoudechaoyuegaoyuanbenshenquyudekuosanxiaoying,keguanshangqianghualetazuoweiyazhouzhuyaoheliude“jiangheyuan”he“shengtaiyuan”degongnengjiazhi。kongjianshang,qishengtaixiaoyingbirantongguodaqihuanjinghejiangheshuiqixunhuanyanxuanshudishiyouxixiangdongkuosandaoqitaxiangguanquyu;shijianshang,qigongnengxiaoyingduirenleishehuidejiazhibujinjinbiaoxianzai“dainei”liyideyingxiangshang,gengtuchudibiaoxianyuzhangyuanhe“daiji”liyideyingxiangshang。gaoyuanshengtaixitongdeliangxingxunhuanyiweizherenleishengmingzhichixitongdewendingxing,fanzhizeyiweizhesunhailidekuoyanxingzhijieweixieshehuijingjikechixufazhandejichu。

(er)qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongdeagzhenrenjiazhi

qingzanggaoyuanfengfuduoyangdeshengtaixitongleixingbujinshengchanledaliangdechanpinjirenleisuoxudewuzhihenengliang,erqietigonglejudadeshengtaiagzhenrengongneng。rugaoyuansenlin、caodi、hubo、huangmo、zhaozeshididengshengtaixitongzaidaqichengfen、qihoudiaojie、shuiyuanhanyang、turangbaochi、feiwuchuli、shengwuduoyangxing、shiwushengchandengfangmianweirenleihezirantigong“shengtaiagzhenren”。xiegaodidengduiqingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongagzhenrenjiazhidepinggubiaoming: qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongmeiniandeagzhenrenjiazhiwei9363.9yiyuan,zhanmuqianquanguoshengtaixitongmeinianagzhenrenjiazhide17.68%,zhanquanqiushengtaixitongagzhenrenjiazhide0.61%。zaigaoyuanshengtaixitongmeiniantigongdeagzhenrenjiazhizhong,turangxingchengyubaohujiazhizhan19.3%,shuiyuanhanyangjiazhizhan 16.6%,shengwuduoyangxingweichijiazhizhan16%。ciwai,qitidiaojiejiazhizhan10.6%,qihoudiaojiejiazhizhan10.8%,feiwuchulijiazhizhan 16.8%,shiwu、yuancailiaoshengchanheyulewenhuajiazhizhan 2.4%、4.1% he3.6%。

AG真人qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongdeshengtaiagzhenrenjiazhiyuanyuangaoyushengtaichanpindezhijieshiyongjiazhi,128wanpingfanggonglidetianrancaodishiqingzanggaoyuanshangmianjizuidadeshengtaixitong,duifazhanchumuye、baohushengwuduoyangxingqizhongdadezuoyong;tongshizuoweigaohanshengtaixitongdezhuti,zaihanyangshuiyuan、baochishuituheweihushengtaipinghengfangmiandegongnengyouweixianzhu。genjujisuan,caodishengtaixitongmeiniantigongdeshengtaiagzhenrenjiazhida4521.5 yiyuan,duigaoyuanshengtaixitongzongagzhenrenjiazhidegongxianlvgaoda48.3%。gaoyuanshengtaixitongchanpindejingjijiazhiyushengtaiagzhenrengongnengjiazhidebizhiwei1:70。xianran,gaoyuanshengtaixitongdezuidajiazhizaiyutajudadeshengtaiagzhenrengongnenghefeijingjijiazhi,qiyishanyishui、yicaoyimuduirenleishengcundejiazhiyuanyuanchaoguoqizuoweiziyuanyaosuhuoshengchanziliaocanyujingjikaifadejiazhi,yinershengtaixiaoyiyujingjixiaoyidejiazhiquxiangshifenmingque。

san、qingzanggaoyuandeshengtaihuanjingtezheng

qingzanggaoyuanyouyuhaibagao,kongqixibo、qiwendi、taiyangfusheqiang、fengda,bingchuan、dongtuguangbu,xingchengleyigaoyuanhanmo、caodian、caoyuanweizhudehuanjingtezheng,qizhenggeshengtaixitonghegezixitong,junjuyoujiegoujiandan、shengchanlishuipingdi、wendingxingcha、xiufunengliruo、yishouwaijieyinsuganraodengtezheng。yinci,congzhichirenleishengcun、ziyuanliyong、jingjifazhandengfangmian,douyingshenrudirenshiqingzanggaoyuandeshengtaihuanjingtezheng。

(yi)qihoudenuanganhuaqushimingxian

duiqingzanggaoyuanjindaiqiwen、jiangshuideshikongbianhuatezhenghequshiyanjiubiaoming,qihouchengxiannuanganhuaqushi,chudongyuanqiwenxiajiangwai,gaoyuanqiwenpubianchengshangshengqushi,qiwenqingxielv0.10℃~0.30℃/10nian,youqishijinru20shiji90niandaiqiwenshengfuzuiweimingxian。tongyishiqi,gaoyuanpingjunjiangshuiliangjianshao,jiangshuiqingxielvwei10haomi~40haomi/10nian,youqishixiaqiujijie,jiangshuidafudujianshao,biduonianpingjunzhipianxiao5%~14%。suizheqihouzengwenjianshi,zhengfaliangzengda,jingliuliangjianshao,turangbiangan,jiajuleshamohuadechansheng。yiner,nuanganhuashizaochengqingzanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingehuadezhongyaoyuanyin。

AG真人(er)ziyuanhuanjingdexiediaoxingcha

AG真人qingzanggaoyuankuangchan、yangguang、shuili、caodi、yeshengdongzhiwudengziyuanfengfu,danshoushengtaihuanjingdecuiruoxingzhiyue,ziyuanyoushiyuanyuanmeiyoufahuichulai。qingzanggaoyuandenongchuchanpin、linchanpindengshengtaixingziyuanjunyishengtaihuanjingweishengcunhefazhandejichu,dandaguimokaifacileiziyuanquezaochengletudilanken、caoyuanchaozai,zhijieweijiziyuanbenshendefucun。lingyifangmian,qingzanggaoyuankuangchanziyuanfengfu,ranerqidibiaodecuiruoxingdaozhikuangchanziyuankaifabuduanjiajushuituliushi、caoyuanpohuai、tudishahuadeng。qingzanggaoyuanziyuanyuhuanjingdebuxiediaoxing,shiziyuanyoushizhuanhuaweijingjiyoushishoudaojidazhiyue。

(san)youxiaohuanjingrongliangxiao

AG真人qingzanggaoyuandiyuliaokuo、renkouxishao,congjueduiyiyishangkan,renleideshengcunhuanjingrongliangda,danyinqiziranhuanjingyanku、tudideshengchanlihechengzailihendi,shihuanjingdeyouxiaoronglianghenxiao。ciwai,zaigaohandeqihoutiaojianxia,qingzanggaoyuanzhutidediliguochengyiwuliguochengzhanjueduiyoushi,jiazhiqihounuanganhuadequshi,huaxueguochengweiruo,huanjingdezijingnenglihenruo,yeshiyouxiaohuanjingrongliangjianxiao。yinci,qingzanggaoyuandiquzhuyaorenkoujujudechengzhenjihudoumianlinzhehuanjingehuadeyanjunjumian。

si、qingzanggaoyuandekechixufazhannengli

kechixufazhanshizhijimanzuxiandairendexuqiuyoubusunhaihoudairenmanzuxuqiudefazhan。huanjuhuashuo,jiushizhijingji、shehui、ziyuanhehuanjingbaohuxiediaofazhan,tamenshiyigemibukefendexitong,jiyaodadaofazhanjingjidemude,youyaobaohuhaorenleilaiyishengcundedaqi、danshui、haiyang、tudihesenlindengziranziyuanhehuanjing,shizisunhoudainenggouyongxufazhanheanjuleye。kechixufazhannenglikeyiyongshengtaizujiyurenleifazhanzhishu(hdi)lianggezhibiaohengliang。

(yi)shengtaizujihesuan

AG真人shengtaizujizhideshiyonglaitigongrenleishiyongdekezaishengziyuandeshengwushengchanxingtudiheyuyeyongdimianji,bingqiebaokuoagzhenrenyongdihexishourenleihuodongchanshengdeeryanghuatanyongdi。zheiyicedupingjiadeshirenleiduishengtaixitonggongjikezaishengziyuan(baokuoshiwu、mucai、xianwei、shengwuzhiranliao)yuxishoueryanghuatanfeiqiwuzheiliangdaleishengtaiagzhenrendexuqiuchengdu。

shengtaizujizhiyuegao,biaoshidangdiduiziyuandexuqiuhexiaohaoyuegao;shengtaizujizhiyuedi,biaoshidangdideziyuanshiyongxiaolvjiaogaohuoshouwaijieyingxiangjiaoxiaoerduibendishengwuzhiziyuanbaohujiaohao。congtu 1kejian,agzhenrenguodeshengtaizujijuyoumingxiandekongjianfenbubujunhengxing。quyuzongshengtaizujijiaoxiaodeshengfenyouxinjiang、gansu、tianjin、hainan、ningxia、qinghaihexizang,hejijiangjinzhanquanguoshengtaizujide6%。qizhong,xizang、qinghaiheningxiashizhongguorenkouguimozuixiaodesangeshengfen,qiquyushengtaizujihejijinzhanquanguode1%。

tu1.quanguogeshengfenshengtaizujizhanquanguodebizhong(2008)

资料来源:AG真人_平台首页

AG真人(er)shengtaichizi、shengtaichaozaiyushengtaiyingyu

shengwuchengzailishizhiceliangjuyoushengwushengchanlide、nenggoutigongkezaishengziyuanhexishoueryanghuatandeludiheyuyeyongdimianjidezonghe。jieheshengwuchengzailidehesuan,nengbianshiyigeguojia、quyuhuozhequanqiushifoushenghuozaiqishengtaixitongkechengshoudefanweinei。ruoyidingdiqushengwuchengzailiheshengtaizujizhijiandechaexiaoyuling,chengweishengtaichizi,biaominggaiquyurenkoudeshengtaizujichaoguobendishengwuchengzaili,quanqiufanweineideshengtaichizichengweishengtaichaozai;ruogaichaedayuling,chengweishengtaiyingyu,biaominggaiquyukeliyongdeshengwuchengzailidayurenkoudeshengtaizuji。youyuagzhenrenguojinxieniangongyekuaisufazhan,chengzhenkuaisufayu,duoshushengfendeshengtaichengzailibunengchengdanqishengtaizujierchengxianshengtaichizidezhuangkuang。congtu 2keyikanchuqinghai、xizang、neimenggu、xinjiangshiquanguojinyoude4geshengtaiyingyudeshengfen,qizhongxizangshishengtaiyingyuzuidadeshengfen。

tu2.quanguogeshengfenrenjunshengtaizujiyushengwuchengzailiduibi(2008)

资料来源:AG真人_平台首页

(san)renleifazhanzhishu

renleifazhanzhishu(hdi)zuoweiyigequanmianzonghededuliang,lianheguokaifajihuashuchuanglileyi“yuqishouming、jiaoyushuizhunheshenghuozhiliang”sanxiangjichubianliangzuchengdezonghezhibiao。dangrenleifazhanzhishudadao0.8~0.899shi,yiweizhejinrugaorenleifazhanjieduan;ruguodayu0.9,jiuyiweizhejinrulefeichanggaoderenleifazhanzhuangtai。xiangyingdi,renleifazhanzhishudexiaxian(0.8)beirenweishizuiyoufazhanmoshideyuzhi。qinghai、xizangliangsheng(qu)derenleifazhanzhishuxiangduiluohou。2008nianqinghai、xizangderenleifazhanzhishudiyuquanguoshuiping,jinweiyu27wei、31wei;renjungdp weiciyexiangduiluohou,fenbiepai22wei、28wei;cong“renjungdpweicijianquhdi weici”paimingzhongkeyikanchu,zaijiankang、jiaoyudengfangmian,qinghai、xizangyeluohouyuquanguoduoshushengfen。

(si)yong“shengtaizuji”he“renleifazhanzhishu”hengliangkechixufazhan

AG真人muqianquanqiurenjunshengwuchengzailishi1.8quanqiugongqing,yinciweidadaokechixufazhan,renjunshengtaizujibunengchaoguota。ruguoyigeguojia(diqu)renleifazhanzhishudadao0.8~0.899zhijian,jiuyiwaizhejinrugaorenleifazhanjieduan。tongshidadaolezheilianggetiaojian,jiumanzulekechixufazhandeyaoqiu。qingzanggaoyuanyinrenleifazhanzhishuweidadaogaorenleifazhanjieduanerweinengmanzukechixufazhandeyaoqiu。

wu、qingzanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingbaohuyuagzhenrendetujing

youyuqingzanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingcuiruo,quanqiuqihoubiannuanqushiyijingduigaoyuanziranshengtaixitongchanshengleyixiliefumianyingxiang。jiuxizanglaishuo,youguanyanjiubiaoming,1961~2007nian,xizangdiqunianpingjunqiwenmei10nianyi0.32℃desulvshangsheng,mingxiangaoyuquanguohequanqiudezengwenlv。shouquanqiuqihoubiannuandeyingxiang,qingzanggaoyuancaodituihuaqushijiaomingxian,caodishengtaixitongfangfenggushaheshuiyuanhanyangdengagzhenrengongnengjianruo。tudishahua,shuituliushi,yibengta、huaponishiliuweizhudedizhizaihaiheyishu、chong、ducaoweizhudeshengwuzaihairiqujiaju。genjuguojia“shierwu”guihua,weilaiwunian,guojiajiangjiaqiangzhongdianshengtaigongnengqubaohuheguanli,zengqianghanyangshuiyuan、baochishuitu、fangfenggushanengli,baohushengwuduoyangxing,goujianbaokuoqingzanggaoyuanzaineide“liangpingsandai”shengtaianquanzhanlvegeju。

(yi)jiaqiangshengtaibaohuyuagzhenren

agzhenrenlibukaibaohu,baohushiagzhenrendejichu,bixuduixianyousenlin、caodi、yeshengdongzhiwu、shuiziyuandengjinxingyouxiaobaohu,fangzhituihuahexindepohuai。《guihua》tichuyisanjiangyuan、qilianshandeng10gezhongdianshengtaigongnengquweizhongdian,qianghuacaodi、shidi、senlinheshengwuduoyangxingbaohu,tuidongshahuadipanheshuituliushizhili,jiaqiangdipanzhengzhihedizhizaihaifangzhi,tigaoziranbaohuquguanhuchengdu。baohushengtaizuiyouxiaodebanfashijianligezhongziranbaohuqu,yangexianzhijingjikaifadengrenweihuodongdeyingxiang,huifuziranshengtaixitong,yibaozhangziranshengtaixitongdeliangxingxunhuanheshengwuziyuandekechixuliyong。

(er)zhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi,jianlixunhuanxingshehui

AG真人jiyaofazhanjingji,youyaobaohushengtaihuanjing,xunhuanjingjishiweiyidexianshixuanze,bingweizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshitigongxindedongli。chuantongde“kaifaziyuan—paoqiziyuan”shiwuzhihenengliangdedanxiangliudongmoshi,suizheziyuandebuduanjianshao, feiqiwuyexiangyingzengjia,congerjishengtaixitongzaochengjudadeyali。xunhuanjingjichangdaodeshijingjihuodonganzhaoziranshengtaizaishengziyuanbuduanxunhuanliyongdejingjifazhanmoshi,yaoqiuwuzhihenengyuanfanfuxunhuanliudong,zunxun“jianlianghua、zailiyong、ziyuanhua”yuanze,shizhenggejingjixitongyijishengchanhexiaofeiguochengjibenshangbuchanshenghuozhichanshenghenshaofeiqiwu,duiyuqingzanggaoyuanziyuanfengfu、shengtaihuanjingcuiruodiqu,tansuofazhanxunhuanjingji,shishishikexuefazhan、kechixufazhanzhanlvedebiranxuanzehezhongyaobaozheng。

(san)gaibiannengyuanjiegou,jiadawuranfangzhidetouruhelidu

AG真人shengtaijingjiagzhenrenyaoqiugaibiannengyuanjiegou,congtanjinengyuanxiangqingjinengyuanzhuanbian。huashiranliaoderanshaodaozhidiqiuwenshixiaoying、yanwu、chichao、suanyudeng,eryitaiyangneng、shengwuneng、fengneng、diredengxinnengyuanhezaishengqingjienengyuan,weiqingzanggaoyuandiqudeshengtaijingjifazhanzhaodaolegengweijianshidehoudun。lingwai,qingzanggaoyuanshengtaiagzhenrentouzibuzushizhiyueshengtaijingjiagzhenrendepingjing。qingzanggaoyuandehuanjingbaohuxuyaohendadetouru,shengtaijingjiagzhenrenduiyujichusheshidexuqiu、duidiaozhengchanyejiegoudexuqiu、duishengtaijingjijishudeyanfahetuiguangxuqiudeng,doushibuyilianghuadetouruxuqiu,meiyouchongzudezijinzuobaozheng,qingzanggaoyuanshengtaijingjiagzhenrenzhinengshiyizhikongtan。

AG真人(si)fazhanhuanjingyouhaoxingchanye,shixianchanyejiegouheshengtaixitongdeduijie

shengtainongyeshifazhanxiandainongyedefangxiang,shiyishengtaililunweijichu,yixiandaijishuweishouduan,yunyongjingjihexingzhengshouduanshenzhishifalvshouduanlaibaozhangshiwuanquan,cujinjingjihehuanjingxiediaofazhan。ershifazhanshengtaigongye,jinliangyongshaodenengyuanheziyuandedaojiaogaodejingjixiaoyiheshehuixiaoyi,congerdadatigaojingjixiaoyi、shehuixiaoyi、shengtaixiaoyi,congdanchunzhuzhonggongyejingjizengzhangzhuanxiangzhuzhonggongyeshengtaijingjiheshehuidequanmianfazhan。sanshidalifazhandisanchanye,jianglvyou、zangyi、zangyaoyedenghuanjingyouhaoxingchanyequeliweizhizhuchanye。lvyouyeshigongrendeziyuanjieyue、huanjingyouhaoxingchanye,qingzanggaoyuanyongyoufengfudelvyouziyuan,suizhekaifangyufazhanbufadejiakuai,lvyouyedefazhanqianjingjuda。zangyi、zangyaoyejuyoufujiazhi,kejihanlianggao、ziyuanjieyuehehuanjingwuranxiao,zheiyichanyedekaifabijiangdaidonglequyujingjidezengzhang。bakexuefazhanguanguanchuanyuzangqujingjishehuifazhanzhanlvequanguocheng,shixianchanyejiegouheshengtaixitongdeyouxiaoduijie,cainengtigaofazhanzhiliang,zengqiangfazhanhoujing。

cankaowenxian:

AG真人[1]luosang·lingzhiduojie.qingzanggaoyuanhuanjingyufazhangailun[m].beijing:zhongguozangxuechubanshe,1998.

AG真人[2]xiegaodideng.qingzanggaoyuanshengtaizichandejiazhipinggu[j].ziranziyuanxuebao,2003(2).

AG真人[3]luchunxiadeng.qingzanggaoyuanshengtaixitongagzhenrengongnengdejiazhipinggu[j].shengtaixuebao,2004(12).

[4]zhuomacuo.qingzanggaoyuanshengtaihuanjingjiqibaohuyuagzhenren[j].zhongxuedilijiaoxuecankao,2001(6).

AG真人[5]wangxiaodan.xizanggaoyuanshengtaigongnengquhuayanjiu[j].dilikexue,2009(5).

[6]ouyangzhiyun,wangrusong.shengtaixitongagzhenrengongnengyukechixufazhan[m].beijing:zhongguohuanjingkexuechubanshe,1999.

[7]lianheguokaifajihuashuzhuhuadaibiaochuyuzhongguorenmindaxue.zhongguorenleifazhanbaogao[r].beijing:zhongguochubanjituangongsizhongguoduiwaifanyichubangongsi,2009.

[8]lilin,xiegaodi,caoshuyandeng.zhongguoshengtaizujibaogao(2010)[r].shijieziranjijinhuihezhongguohuanjingyufazhanguojihezuoweiyuanhuilianhefabu,2010.

中共西藏自治区委员会党校 西藏自治区行政学院 保留一切文字图形权利 藏ICP备09000421
主办单位:AG真人_平台首页 制作单位: 中共西藏自治区委员会党校
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